Ancient Athens Acropolis Map

 
 

               

   

Ancient Athens Acropolis Map

 

Ancient Athens Acropolis Map

Athens Acropolis Map and Temples

The Acropolis of Athens holds much of the glory of this ancient city. Its Parthenon is one of the most readily-recognized buildings in the world. And the Acropolis was also a large part of the reason why this city even existed. While other towns were being overrun by invaders, the people of Athens simply took refuge on the high Acropolis and were safe. In times of peace, they built temples to Athena and several others. Over the years, some temples crumbled and others were built beside them or on top of them. 

The map above is a photograph of the Acropolis, showing the actual structures that can be seen, along with the foundations of those that are even more ancient. The numbers added to the picture identify the monuments, as shown here:

1.   West gate of the 3rd century AD fortification, also known as Buele Gate.

2.   Monument of Agrippa.

3.   (A) Propylaia.

      (B) Shrine of Athena Hygieia and Hygieia.

4.   Temple of Athena Nike.

5.   Statue of Athena Promachos.

6.   (A) Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia.

      (B) Chalkotheke.

7.   Old temple of Athena.

8.   Erechtheion.

9.   Pandroseion.

10-11.   Parthenon.

12.   Temple of Rome and Augustus.

One marvelous place on the Acropolis often overlooked by visitors is the Pandroseion (site 9 on the map). This peaceful sanctuary was dedicated to Pandrosos, a daughter of king Cecrops in the early days of Athens. It was a courtyard containing the sacred olive tree that was said to have been given to the city by the goddess Athena. In the northeast corner was an entrance that went up to the north porch of the Erechtheion temple complex. On the east side was a small opening through which the Thalassa of Poseidon could be seen. At the southeast was an accessway to what was believed to be the ancient tomb of King Cecrops himself. The south side of the sanctuary lay alongside the old temple of Athena.

Acropolis Pandroseion

Pandroseion sanctuary on the Acropolis, looking east, with the neighboring Erechtheion temple in the background

So much of this city's golden age can still be seen or brought instantly to mind if you just know where to look.

For additional reading:

Rhodes, Robin Francis  Architecture and Meaning on the Athenian Acropolis  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

If you want to use a picture from this page, must link back to this page.


Note map photo by Dale K. Bennington, HMdb.org

This page updated on January 4, 2017.

Ancient Athens Acropolis Map

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Ancient Athens Acropolis Map

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